Bedbugs are the most irritating, and difficult insects to control. Their unique hiding abilities, strong insecticides resistance, and lack of sufficient insecticidal products, makes control and detection extremely hard. Worse still, most bedbug infestations are found in highly cultured homestead (mainly residential), school dormitories and multiple occupancy dwellings, making control even more challenging. For you to be successful in bedbug eradication, you must be thorough in any eradication attempts, do not rely on one method of control and closely monitor the whole eradication process.
A complete annihilation of the bedbug should be the primary goal of any elimination process. Failures to eradicate this insect often result in a huge financial burden especially in the apartment complex as the spread continues to the neighboring and the adjoining units. In fact, for the accommodation sector, a continuous bedbug infestation exposes the expensive facility ligation or even negative publicity that may further amount to massive financial losses. Whether you employ a pest manager, or you decide to do a control yourself, one must follow an integrated pest management process that combines both chemical and nonchemical method of control.
Non-chemical controls are more efficient in providing immediate response to an infestation than chemical ones that usually takes time. There used to either reduce the population of the bedbugs or achieve complete bedbug eradication. They are more advantageous than the application of the insecticides since they have no hazardous effect to both the user and the environment. Even with such advantages, an integrated program of using small quantities of pesticides with these non-chemical controls is usually recommended. Read through to understand five easy way of controlling bedbug infestation and some preventive mechanism.
- Disposal of infected items
The first non-chemical and the most efficient method of bedbug control is disposing of the infected items. Seal the furniture and infected items in plastics containers to prevent further spread. Render such items unusable or destroy them after removing them from the infected rooms. Although destruction is not a recommended option, it may proof necessary and economical in highly cultured premises.
Vacuuming is the other available options that not only reduce the biomass of the infestation but also significantly destroy the insect eggs. The best thing about vacuuming is that vacuum machines are relatively cheap and require little technical operating skills. A vacuuming machine may not entirely eradicate the infestation especially of those hiding in cracks and crevices but is a sure way of helping stop the spread and growth of infestation.
- Heat treatment
Heat treatment is a very efficient and practical way of bedbug control. A temperature of 40-600C will destroy both the egg and adult stages of bedbugs. Steam or circulated heat treatment of above 600C kills the bed bugs rapidly. Steaming the clothing and beddings through the laundry is an effective way of ensuring the pests are destroyed. Heat treatment should be thorough to prevent the bedbug from spreading in cooler areas of the house where the temperature do not reach the level of destroying bedbugs (below 350C). In fact, heat treatment after an application of insecticides is known to increase the mortality of the bugs significantly. Sun drying of mattresses and beddings, however, is a very unsuitable method of bed bug management.
- Cold temperature
Cold temperature treatment is another bedbug management available option. Cold and freezing temperature are lethal to bedbugs. A 2-hour placement of the infected items into freezers of -170C will kill all stages of the bedbugs. The use of systems that employ gasses to freeze bed bugs instantly is also in place. Their disadvantages, however, are the potential of further spreading the infected as small air current can disperse bedbugs.
- Staving bedbug is not an option
Keeping your room vacant or an unoccupied is not a practical choice. Most bugs can live an entire year without feeding. They are the most long-lived insect with a single meal on the entire planet. For instance, at a temperature of 180C, a bedbug can live for more than 275 days while another one in a temperature of 220C can live up to 135 days without biting anyone! Instead of thinking about starving a bedbug, device strategies to control them before the infestation outdo you.
Bedbug prevention. Is it possible?
They say prevention is better than cure. Various preventive mechanisms are paramount evading bedbug infestation. The first and the most efficient strategy is early detection. Detecting bed bug infestation early enough will minimize their spread especially in protecting a company brand. Regular inspection by the housekeeping staff or by the use of pest managers is paramount in bedbug control. Bedbug monitor and traps are very useful in controlling bug infestation. You can even use dogs trained for such purposes. Bug-monitoring devices and other homemade traps are also available for non-commercial residential houses.
Although it is completely impossible to prevent bedbug infestation, risk management will help you minimize the potential for infestation. For one to achieve this goal, proper mechanisms have to be put in place to counter bug at the four phases of bedbug introduction, establishment and the growth of population and its spread. In preventing the introduction of the pest, you must detect the pest early enough and minimize activities that may risk of infestation. For instance, in lodgings and student accommodations, burning of external beddings and linen may reduce the likelihood of introducing pest to your home.
Establishment of the pests in lodgings and other accommodation facilities can be prevented through reduction of potential harborages. Bedbugs like hiding in cracks and crevices of the room and furniture. You can minimize establishment of the pest in this area by sealing the cracks or using soft metal or plastic in place of timber in your furniture and beds. You can even install mattress encasements in your bed that not only prevent bedbug from hiding but also make bedbug detection easier due to the white covering.
Early detection and reporting are strategies that will impede the growth of bedbug infestation. In addition, immediate control mechanism and quarantining of infected rooms are efficient ways of treating of an infestation and avoiding its further growth. You should also ensure that infected furniture and items are treated before relocation to another room.